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What is a balanced diet ?

A balanced diet is obtained by varying the diet to provide the body with the energy and nutrients it needs to function correctly. It is about eating a variety of foods in the right proportions.

Many countries have developed their own food guides or tools to help consumers build a balanced diet. They all agree that a balanced diet should be composed of:

  • Fruit and vegetables
  • Starchy foods (breads, cereals and potatoes) with a focus on wholegrains
  • Protein-rich foods (meat, fish, eggs, nuts and seeds)
  • Dairy products
  • Fats: butter, oil, margarine
  • Water and unsweetened drinks such as tea, coffee, infusions.

Examples are:

It is also important to keep in mind that a balanced diet needs to be accompanied by regular physical activity.